Selasa, 06 Maret 2012

Raleigh Bike

History of The Raleigh Bicycle offers excellent cycle in the history of manufacturing in Great Britain.
A most comfortable bike for use on a regular basis. Comprehensive record of Raleigh frame number is a factor that is very useful.
The list below has been used for many years, when buying a vintage bike, keep in mind is that companies are still 'real' before it was taken over by Raleigh:
Humber 1932
1943 Rudge-Whitworth
1954 Triumph
Three Spires 1954
BSA, New Hudson, Sunbeam 1957
Phillips 1960
Hercules 1960
Norman 1960
  Raleigh bikes around 1977. Note the dominance of a bike with small wheels of the dominant





History of releigh bicycles
 
1900 Raleigh Cross Frame
1866 - Raleigh Street, Nottingham, started from a small workshop in 1886 began to produce high-security bicycle frame.
Frank Bowden, a successful lawyer and convert to cycling, bought the company in 1887 and in December 1888 founded The Raleigh Cycle Corp.
The company is growing rapidly in recent years Frank Bowden then sell them at a profit ranging between £ 100,000 (equivalent to about 5 million pounds).
1902 - In 1902, Sturmey Archer gear brand products are added to Raleigh.
1908 - Six years later, Bowden bought back Raleigh.
1920 - In the early 1920s, Raleigh was the leader of the world, capable of producing 100 000 bicycle, 250 000 15 000 hub gears and 50,000 motorcycle motorcycle gearbox.
Raleigh survived great pressure. This is achieved because the cycle of the Humber in 1932 and the following year began to produce a three-wheeled car.
1934 - In 1934 Raleigh returned to public company status, as Raleigh Cycle Holdings Ltd., to issue shares of more than £ 2 million (= about £ 65 today).
1938 - In 1938, bike production has grown to almost 500,000 units per year and the company has stopped making motorcycles and cars.
1938-1945 - During World War II (1939-1945), Raleigh concentrated on the plant. The name of that range, launched in 1938 as well as the Gazelle, turned into a Robin Hood. And Raleigh acquired Rudge-Whitworth.
1949 - After the war, despite shortages of raw materials of steel, the production cycle of Raleigh continues to increase rapidly. That is evidenced by the production in 1949 has reached about 750,000, mostly for export.
1958 - In 1958 the Raleigh company produces scooters moped and then launched. More great again during this period Raleigh acquired two main rival groups: Triumph and Three Spires in 1954, and the BSA (including New Hudson and Sunbeam) in 1957.
Raleigh itself was taken over by Tube Investments (TI), a wholly owned UK Phillips Cycle Corporation, Hercules, Norman and Sun. The impact of this merger is a Raleigh bike sales decreased in 1950.
1960 - In October 1960, the license agreement prepared Raleigh possible to make new products such as small-wheeled, unisex and dual-suspension Moulton bicycle.
1964 - In March 1964, Raleigh showed Moulton bicycle RSW16 prototype: a small bicycle wheel well un-sprung, more powerful and less expensive and sold through Raleigh dealers.
1968 - In 1968, Raleigh introduced the H-frame, small wheels and is destined to become the biggest selling products and will continue to be produced up to 16 years.
Raleigh Nottingham for a few decades become a world-leading bicycle manufacturers. Here are some points of a century of motorcycle manufacturing in Religh Industries:
• 1886 - Three UK - Woodhead, Angois and Ellis - started building bicycles in a small workshop on Raleigh Street, Nottingham.
• 1887 - Alfred Milward Reynolds created a process of butting (tube).
• 1887 - The Raleigh Cycle Company - Russell Street.
• 1888 - Frank Bowden bought back Woodhead / Angois / Ellis bicycle workshop in Raleigh Street and replace it with the name of the Raleigh Cycle Company. At this point there are about a dozen employees and a three-week high production wheels.
• 1889 - established a patent between Reynolds Tube Company.
• 1895 - British stockbroker Terah Hooley bought the controlling interest in Raleigh.
• 1896 - first bike build Hanstock Fred Carlton in Carlton, England.
• 1896 - Raleigh has the world's largest bicycle manufacturer, occupies 7 1/2 acres. There are about 850 employees and a production of 30,000 units per year.
• 1900 - 'The Bicycle Steel-All'.
• 1902 - Sturmey-Archer bought by Religh.
• 1904 - Raleignette.
• 1905 - Motor Cycle manufactured.
• 1906 - Robin Hood Cycle Co Ltd acquired.
• 1914 - More than 50,000 cycles is generated.
• 1914-1918 - 400 Million to the Forces (gunpowder).
• 1920 - The Nottingham presswork obtained.
• 1921 - Sir Frank Bowden died.
• 1921 - Production of Motorcycles again.
• 1923 - Patent sidelines Tube Company name changed to Reynolds Tube Company, Ltd.
• 1925 - up to 20 hectares.
• 1928-114072 production cycle.
• 1931 - HO open Lenton Boulevard.
• 1930 - moves the factory bikes Carlton for a larger facility in Worksop, England.
• 1931-1936 - Seven Safety Car.
• 1932 - Raleigh buy Humber Cycles.
• 1934 - Raleigh Industries Ltd
• 1935 - 1531 - Reynolds manganese-molybdenum ("mang-moly") tubing was developed.
• 1936 motorized stop production.
• 1937 - The discovery of the Sturmey-Archer Dynohub.
• 1938 - Raleighs first exported to Canada.
• 1939-409479 production cycle.
• 1939-1945 - WW2 Munitions production.
• 1943 - Raleigh buy Rudge-Whitworth.
• 1943 - Payment of a gradual (Nottm Ltd) is obtained.
• 1946 - Plant increased to 28 acres - 5,000 employees.
• 1946 - 'Tricycle Winkle' - the first range of toys.
• 1947-1948 - Boston USA Plant-Ral. Ind. of America Inc.. Ind. of America Inc
• 1949 - Raleigh Industries India Ltd
• 1950 - Raleigh Industries Ltd South Africa
• 1951-1010077 cycle is produced.
• 1952 - Duke of Edinburgh opens new factory - now 40 acres, 7,000 employees.
• 1953 - Raleigh Cycle Company bought Triumph.
• 1955 - Raleigh Cycle Industries Ltd Canada
• 1957 - Raleigh bought the BSA (Birmingham Small Arms).
• 1958-First moped produced (Raleigh Mo-ped, then known as RM1).
• 1960 - Raleigh and Tube Investments Group (aka TI) merged, forming the TI Raleigh.
• 1965 - RSW 16
• 1967 - Moulton Cycle was acquired.
• 1967 - Cox of Watford obtained.
• 1968 - Queen Elizabeth II visits Raleigh.
• 1969 - Dreamline range of prams / Pushchairs.
• 1970 - Chopper (UK)
• 1970 - stop production of motor products.

 
1900 Raleigh Cross Frame

Determining the Age Raleigh
Before 1925, the Raleigh native (not the brand name made by Raleigh) has a number of direct numerical order. Earlier this year has been estimated by the Company. (Info from the Nottinghamshire Archives) (Info from Nottinghamshire Archives).
Raleigh seems to recycle much of the older serial number in later years, so there are lots of bikes from the 60's and 70's that have a serial number that will get older:
• 1888: 1500
• 1889: 3200
• 1890: 5200
• 1891: 7600
• 1892: 10 500
• 1893: 13900
• 1894: 19 100
• 1895: 25 300
• 1896: 32 100
• 1897: 39 913
• 1898: 45 981
• 1899: 54 032
• 1900: 65 152
• 1900: 69 868
• 1901: 77 342
• 1902: 89 622
• 1903: 102 954
• 1904: 112 673
• 1905: 129 228
• 1906: 154 917
• 1907: 183 073
• 1908: 215 650
• 1909: 249 081
• 1910: 285 669
• 1911: 328 748
• 1912: 375 693
• 1913: 427 829
• 1914: 482 851
• 1915: 517 198
• 1916: 545 198
• 1917: 569 737
• 1918: 592 473
• 1919: 621 678
• 1920: 654 502
• 1921: 688 291
• 1922: 738 447
• 1923: 809 184
• 1924: 899 465
• 1925: 998 077
• 1925-World War II
Between 1925 and the cessation of the production cycle during the Second World War, a letter suffix and prefix numbers walking frame, although no indication is given of the starting point number. They seem to only show the number of bicycles produced and letters began to be used. All dates will be estimated. (Info from Nottinghamshire Archives)
• 1925: A1
• 1925: B34181
• 1926-1927: B56536
• 1929: E15693
• 1930: G94785
• 1933: L84682
• 1934: T93945
• 1934: U14540
• 1935: W71147
• 1936: W93161
• 1937: Y184552
• Post Second World War - Post-World War II 1955 - 1955
After the war, Raleigh began adding letters after the serial number of runs were repeated when a new letter is used. (Info from Nottinghamshire Archives)
• 1947: 437 689 P
• 1948: 556 894 P
• 1949: 695 051 P
• 1951: 151 179 T
• 1952: 236 530 T
• 1953: 367 369 T
• 1954: 566 722 T
• 1955: 747 951 T
• 1956: 852 312 T
• 1957: 872 584 T
• 1955 - 1966
The new numbering system was introduced in 1955 coupled with the first, which began at the beginning of the alphabet:
• 1956: 23 839 A
• 1957: 27 227 AB
• 1958: 17 910 AD
• 1960: 27 273 AE
• 1961: 13 126 AF
• 1965/6: 40 814 FD
• 1966: 64 521 FE
Note: Some of the 60-gauge straight mid-frame 531 has a serial number that begins with a single letter before the end of the alphabet.
1967 - 1973
Yet another number system was introduced in 1966. The new system is applied to high-end (ie Reynolds 531) frame and involves placing the characters at the beginning of the serial number. characters starting at the beginning of the alphabet, and indicate the year of manufacture. Details about the numbers that follow the alphabet is clear and sequential serial numbers may be of several types.
• 1966: A, followed by four numbers
• 1967: B, followed by four numbers
• 1968: C, followed by four numbers
• 1969: D, followed by four numbers
• 1970: E, followed by four numbers
• 1971: F, followed by four numbers
• 1972: G, followed by four numbers
• 1973: H, followed by four numbers
Note: Although this numbering scheme is generally true, there may be some use a crossover at the beginning / end of each year (eg "G" serial number may have been built into a bike in 1973, but the frame may have a built in 1972).

2 komentar:

  1. I have an old raleigh bike with the numbers on the post under the saddle 48018 BE, it's a 4-speed, enclosed housing chaincase, dyno-hub bullet head lamp, all-steel raleigh, Raleigh Nottingham Emblem, ...so far either a 1949 0r 1952? My mother bought it in 1950 when she was 16.

    BalasHapus
  2. I have an old raleigh bike with the numbers on the post under the saddle 48018 BE, it's a 4-speed, enclosed housing chaincase, dyno-hub bullet head lamp, all-steel raleigh, Raleigh Nottingham Emblem, ...so far either a 1949 0r 1952? My mother bought it in 1950 when she was 16.

    BalasHapus